Usually involves shortening side-branches all over the tree to make it smaller and more attractive. It lets in light and reduces the tree’s vulnerability to wind damage and is an opportunity to remove diseased or damaged wood. To get a balanced result, work slowly and carefully and evaluate the effect of removing each branch.
In this extreme form of pruning, the entire head or crown is removed which can make most attractive small trees, although at the price of repeated pruning.
Lifting the crown by removing lower branches will allow access for mowing and enjoying the shade cast by the tree.
Thinning crowns to let in more light by removing some, usually up to 30 percent, of the branches and concentrating on dead or congested shoots is another strategy.It is very easy to spoil the appearance of the tree so this is best attempted in stages evaluating the effect before removing more.